WWII books for kids, Japanese American books for kids, Japanese American Internment books for kids

Pearl Harbor Day: Books for Kids and My Mother’s Story

From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: A Personal Journey

My mother, nearly 90-years-old, has come full circle with the nexus around WWII. Born in San Francisco’s Japantown, her parents hailed from Hiroshima. I visited the Hiroshima Museum with her two decades ago when I was working in Tokyo for the summer. This past summer, we all went to visit the Pearl Harbor museum where, in a single day, her life totally changed.

Pearl Harbor Day

Imagine being given 48 hours notice to get out of dodge. If you were lucky enough to own property (Japanese Americans could only buy property back then through their American born children), being relocated to a concentration camp meant missing the mortgage. My mom’s family could only take what they could carry. They were lucky. We had relatives in a remote part of Utah near the nuclear test site, and they went there, ultimately living out of tent while working on the relative’s farm.

Pearl Harbor museum Hawaii

My mom had been to Hawaii a few times but never to the Pearl Harbor museum. She said she went for the 442nd regiment celebration on behalf of her brother who was a decorated veteran. And we sent her for an art trip to Molokai for her birthday.

Pearl Harbor

Today is the day that the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941. The Americans though warned of a possible air attack had a series of unfortunate events that caused them to miss the warning signs. And my mom’s life turned upside down.

Pearl Harbor museum

To commemorate this day in history, I’ve collected every children’s book on the Japanese American WWII experience that I could find. Am I missing any? Please chime in. Thank you!

p.s. Just learned about Rafu Shimpo: Defiant Japanese Am women incarcerated during WWII dead at 91. Sent protest telegram to Pres Roosevelt:

Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, she was caught in the mass removal of Japanese Americans. In contrast to many Japanese Americans, she moved to take action against the government policy — in early February 1942 she sent a telegram to the White House, urging President Roosevelt to recognize that the Nisei were loyal Americans with citizenship rights.

After being incarcerated briefly at Santa Anita Assembly Center, Nishi received a special opportunity to leave camp and attend Washington University in St. Louis, where she enrolled in the M.A. program in sociology. She reported on local communities for the UC Berkeley-based Japanese Evacuation and Resettlement Study.

Japanese American WWII Picture Books

The Bracelet by Yoshiko Uchida

I read this story a long time ago and remembered that it was a particularly sad story of internment that I couldn’t bring myself to read to my girls. The little Japanese girl is given a bracelet by her American friend that she brings to internment camp that gets lost.   [picture book, ages 8-12]

A Place Where Sunflowers Grow by Amy Lee-Tai

A bi-lingual (Japanese/English) story about the author’s grandmother who was interned at Topaz and really did grow 8 foot sunflowers in the desert.  A stoic story about coping with internment.  This is the author’s first book.  [picture book, ages 7-11]

 

So Far From the Sea by Eve Bunting

Laura Iwaski and her family visit her grandfather’s grave at the Manzanar War Relocation center where he died during internment.  Both her parents were relocated though at different camps.  Her father was a little boy when this happened and this marks the last time they will visit before moving to Boston.  Their final visit sums up the attitude of most Japanese-Americans who were forced to relocate:  a terrible thing that happened to them.   But , as the Dad says, “Sometimes in the end there is no right or wrong.  It is just a thing that happened long years ago.  A thing that cannot be changed.”  [picture book, ages 8-12]

 

Baseball Saved Us by Ken Mochizuki

Ken Mochizuki’s were interned at Minidoka Internment camp in Idaho, and this is the story based on true events, of how they used baseball to cope.  The little boy in the story is small for his age, but preserves to become an excellent player.  The story continues post-internment and things are not better.  Luckily, the boy’s skill in baseball helps to bring everyone together.  This is the author’s first picture book. [picture book, ages 8-12]

 

Japanese American WWII Chapter Books

Pearl Harbor : Ready To Read Level 3 by Stephen Krensky

Bringing a dramatic moment of World War II to vivid life, author Stephen Krensky answers questions about the historic importance of the military action at Pearl Harbor. Written in simple yet clear language, the book teaches readers about the political scene before and after the bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese in December 1941, and how this event shaped our country’s place in the world. [chapter book, ages 6 and up]

 

American Diaries #18: Janey G. Blue: Pearl Harbor, 1941 by Kathleen Duey

PEARL HARBOR, HAWAII
DECEMBER, 1941

I just hope the war stays far, far away from us

Janey loves the beautiful trees, delicious fruits, and exotic mix of people on the island of Oahu, where her father has come to work at Hickam Airfield. But she’s terribly homesick for her friends back in Kansas — especially with all the frightening talk about war and rumors of a Japanese invasion of Hawaii. Then, on December 7th, Janey’s worst nightmares come true. Japanese bombs and bullets shatter the early morning peace. Fleeing with her mother, brother, and Akiko — the girl across the street, who barely speaks to her — Janey is terrified for her father at the airfield. During the long, tense hours of worry and fear, Janey must try to find her courage. Will the war turn everything upside down? Will Janey be scared and lonely forever? [chapter book, grades 4-8]

 

The No-No Boys by Teresa R. Funke

Based on a true story in the winter of 1943… Fourteen-year-old Tai Shimoda’s family has lost everything. Like many other Japanese-Americans at the start of World War II, Tai’s family has been forced to leave their home and move to Tule Lake Relocation Center-a desolate camp surrounded by barbed wire in northern California. Though he misses his home in Sacramento, Tai keeps busy at Tule Lake hanging out with friends and training for the judo tournament. But as tensions in camp rise, Tai’s brother, Ben, joins a group that has refused to swear allegiance to the United States. They call themselves the No-Nos. Tai’s father calls them Disloyals. Soon Tai must decide what he believes. Will he join his beloved brother and the No-Nos or, like his father, remain true to America? [chapter book, ages 9-12]

 

Sadako and the Thousand Paper Cranes by Eleanor Coerr

A story about post bombing Hiroshima where Sadako, who loves to run, becomes ill due to the radiation from the bomb.  It is believed in Japan that folding a thousand paper cranes brings girls good luck and good health.  [chapter book, ages 8-12]

[chapter book, ages 10-14]

 

A Jar of Dreams by Yoshiko Uchida

11-year-old Rinko lives in Berkeley, California during the Great Depression and life isn’t easy, especially when you are Japanese American because she encounters prejudice almost daily. When her family opens a small laundry, their local competitor, a well-known bigot and bully, threatens them.  Things change when her Aunt Waka comes to visit from Japan,  and she helps to convince them to chase their dreams, even if it seems improbable that they will be given the same opportunities as non-Asians.  Despite the prejudice that her family faces, Rinko learns to take pride in her Japanese self.

A Jar of Dreams is an accurate portrait of what life was like for Japanese immigrants pre- WWII, but it also details the determination, hard-work, and strong familial bonds that propelled them to succeed.  [chapter book, ages 10-14]

 

Kira-Kira by Cynthia Kadohata

This Newbery Award winning novel is a Japanese Grapes of Wrath story about the Takashima family as they move  from Iowa to Georgia in the 1950′s and work menial, grueling jobs at a non-unionized poultry farm.  The three kids, Lynn, Katie and Sammy,  manage to have fun and dream of better times ahead despite their difficult conditions until Lynn comes down with a fatal illness.  The book manages to portray life for post-WWII Japanese Americans  in an insightful and realistic way.  [chapter book, ages 10-14]

 

The Japanese American Internment: An Interactive History Adventure (You Choose Books) by Lola M. Schaefer

 

Japanese American WWII Young Adult Books

 

A Boy No More (Aladdin Historical Fiction) by Harry Mazer

“WHAT ABOUT WHAT THEY DID TO MY FATHER?…THE JAPS KILLED HIM!”
Adam Pelko witnessed something horrible: the sinking of the USS Arizona during the attack on Pearl Harbor — with his father aboard. Since then, Adam and his mother and sister have moved to California, where they are trying to rebuild their lives.

But no matter where Adam goes, he can’t get away from the effects of the war. His best friend, Davi, has asked for help. Davi is Japanese American, and his father has been arrested, taken to Manzanar, a Japanese internment camp.

Adam isn’t sure what to do. If he goes to Manzanar and starts asking questions, he could be risking his own life. But can he simply do nothing and risk losing Davi’s friendship forever? Are Davi, his father, and all the other Japanese Americans taken from their homes responsible for what happened at Pearl Harbor?

In this riveting follow-up to his acclaimed book A Boy at War, Harry Mazer explores questions of friendship and loyalty against the backdrop of World War II, a time when boys had to grow up fast. [Young Adult, grades 7-9]

 

V for Victory by Teresa R. Funke

Based on a true story in the summer of 1943… Twelve-year-old Miguel Montoya feels left behind. Everyone else in his large family is “doing his part” during World War II. His brother is flying dangerous missions over enemy territory, and his sister and aunt are home-front volunteers. Miguel offers to take their places in the family grocery store, only to be told he’s not old enough to do anything more than sweep floors and keep an eye on his bothersome little nephew, Victor. So when the Empire Theatre announces a scrap metal contest to help the war effort, Miguel decides to win! As he and his best friend, Gary, scour their San Antonio neighborhood for old scrap, they keep one eye on the military planes that fill the skies and one eye out for bullies threatening to steal their stash. When Miguel befriends a wounded soldier, though, the realities of war hit home. And on the fateful day when his family needs him most, it is Miguel who must do his part to save his nephew. [chapter book, ages 9-12]

 

Under the Blood-Red Sun by Graham Salisbury

Tomi was born in Hawaii. His grandfather and parents were born in Japan, and came to America to escape poverty.

World War II seems far away from Tomi and his friends, who are too busy playing ball on their eighth-grade team, the Rats.

But then Pearl Harbor is attacked by the Japanese, and the United States declares war on Japan. Japanese men are rounded up, and Tomi’s father and grandfather are arrested. It’s a terrifying time to be Japanese in America. But one thing doesn’t change: the loyalty of Tomi’s buddies, the Rats. [Young Adult, ages 12 and up]

 

Eyes of the Emperor by Graham Salisbury

Eddy Okana lies about his age and joins the Army in his hometown of Honolulu only weeks before the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor. Suddenly Americans see him as the enemy—even the U.S. Army doubts the loyalty of Japanese American soldiers.

Then the Army sends Eddy and a small band of Japanese American soldiers on a secret mission to a small island off the coast of Mississippi. Here they are given a special job, one that only they can do. Eddy’s going to help train attack dogs. He’s going to be the bait. [Young Adult, ages 12 and up]

 

Weedflower by Cynthia Kadohata

From Starred Review, School Library Journal. Grade 5-8–When Pearl Harbor is attacked, the lives of a Japanese-American girl and her family are thrown into chaos. Sumiko, 12, and her younger brother, Tak-Tak, live with their aunt and uncle, grandfather Jiichan, and adult cousins on a flower farm in Southern California. Though often busy with chores, Sumiko enjoys working with the blossoms, particularly stock, or weedflowers (fragrant plants grown in a field). In the difficult days that follow the bombing, the family members fear for their safety and destroy many of their belongings. Then Uncle and Jiichan are taken to a prison camp, and the others are eventually sent to an assembly center at a racetrack, where they live in a horse stable. When they’re moved to the Arizona desert, Sumiko misses the routine of her old life and struggles with despair. New friends help; she grows a garden with her neighbor and develops a tender relationship with a Mohave boy. She learns from him that the camp is on land taken from the Mohave reservation and finds that the tribe’s plight parallels that of the incarcerated Japanese Americans. Kadohata brings into play some complex issues, but they realistically dovetail with Sumiko’s growth from child to young woman. She is a sympathetic heroine, surrounded by well-crafted, fascinating people. The concise yet lyrical prose conveys her story in a compelling narrative that will resonate with a wide audience.–Marilyn Taniguchi, Beverly Hills Public Library, CA .  [chapter book, ages 12-16]

 To view any book, please click on image to see at Amazon or click here for Barnes and Noble.

WWII books for kids, Japanese American books for kids, Japanese American Internment books for kids
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By Mia Wenjen, PragmaticMom

6 Comments

  1. A very good list you’ve compiled here. And you must be so proud of your mom. Incredible story of a sad time in our history. Thanks for sharing.

    • Hi Augusta,
      Thanks so much! This list was very personal for me. The irony of this experience is that my mother is the most optimistic and happy person in the world. This experience didn’t bring her down on her outlook on life at all. She can talk about it with even a sense of humor.

      On a different note, I LOVE Glory Be. It’s such a great book that matches up so perfectly to our 4th grade unit on Civil Rights Movement. Is there any chance you do Skype visits since we are outside of Boston? I would love to get you for a school author visit.
      Pragmatic Mom recently posted…Gifts for Letter Carrier and Others Who Helps You (Day 8)My Profile

  2. I’m so glad you wrote this post. It’s shocking how many Americans don’t even know this piece of our history. I’ll be looking for these books to read with my kids.
    maryanne recently posted…Papier Mache Moon Nightlight with BabbaboxMy Profile

    • Hi MaryAnne,
      I have pretty much every picture book on the planet on the Japanese internment. It’s a sad and heavy subject so I actually don’t think I read them very much to my kids. I just have it at the ready if they want to talk about it. I think we did talk about it with the kids when we visited the Pearl Harbor museum. Those were dark days. And it is possible that the US would do that again to another group? Probably.

      At the end of the day, the decision to put Japanese Americans into concentration camps was a political decision based on economics. The fact is that many influential Californians including the Knott family of Knott’s Berry Farm (ironically my first job) resented the Japanese Americans who worked very hard for lower rates. They dominated the strawberry market, for example, renting land to grow them. It’s a very labor intensive crop with backbreaking bending over. In other fields as well, like laundry, Japanese Americans would work harder for less money to carve out a market.

      Removing their competition was the primary driver for how these influential affluent California citizens used their clout to influence Washington. Ironically, there were Japanese American spys in Hawaii who scouted out Pearl Harbor for the Japanese giving them critical information about the base. And yet, Japanese Americans in Hawaii were not forced to relocate.
      Pragmatic Mom recently posted…Gifts for Letter Carrier and Others Who Helps You (Day 8)My Profile

  3. Ann

    Interesting and sad. Sad that we even have to teach our children about this and other things in our history.

    Great list! I think I will add Weedflower and Kira-Kira to my list!
    Ann recently posted…Special GiftsMy Profile

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