Triangle of Life Earthquake Survival a Fraud
My sister who lives in Southern California sent me this but now I found out that DOUG COPP’S TRIANGLE OF LIFE THEORY IS A FRAUD!!! Sorry to post incorrect information previously!
From American Red Cross Headquarters:
Doug Copp, who is widely viewed in the emergency response community as a total fraud comes back to life after every major earthquake. He has a “triangle of life” theory that he promotes as an alternative to the Drop, Cover, and Hold On practice supported by every legitimate emergency/disaster manager that deals with an earthquake threat. Doug Copp and his “triangle of life” have been totally discredited by many including the American Red Cross. He was investigated for fraud and is generally a pain to legitimate emergency responders. In developing countries, where building codes are marginal or non-existent, his theory may hold some water, but in the United States, and California in particular, his theory is extremely dangerous and should never be used.
Alberquerque Journal Article
Sunday, July 11, 2004
Justice Dept. Inquiry Requested by Udall
Earlier this year, Doug Copp was awarded $649,000, tax-free, from the fund set up to compensate victims of 9/11. He says it’s not enough. But it’s doubtful he deserves anything. A Journal investigation found no evidence Copp did real rescue work in New York. Read the Journal’s full four-day series here.
By Leslie Linthicum
Journal Staff Writer
Rep. Tom Udall, D-N.M., whose office lobbied the 9/11 fund on Doug Copp’s behalf, made this statement:
Helping constituents who are encountering difficulties with federal agencies is one of the most important responsibilities I have as one of New Mexico’s U.S. Representatives. As a member of Congress, I cannot approve a claim or appeal, or compel any agency to act in favor of our constituents. Those types of decisions are made by the federal agency involved based on the facts of the case. At the same time, we have to take our constituents at their word. Surely there are bogus claims made, but the majority of citizens who turn to their elected officials are decent and hardworking people looking for help. If these allegations are confirmed, they are deeply troubling. It would seem that a number of well-intentioned New Mexicans were ensnared in a web of deception.
While the Department of Justice undoubtedly had a difficult task in administering the Sept. 11 Victim Compensation Fund, if these allegations are proven, there is absolutely no excuse for Fund administrators not verifying a claim. I am concerned that a fraudulent claim may have been processed and paid. Considering some claims were rejected for lack of proof, something seems to be terribly wrong if compensation was wrongly awarded in this case.
I wrote a letter to the Department of Justice asking them to launch an investigation into this matter as soon as I was made aware of the discrepancies. The Department of Justice has a moral and legal responsibility to get to the bottom of this complex case, and I look forward to their response.
Copyright 2004 Albuquerque Journal
From: Lopes, RockySent: Wednesday, August 25, 2004 1:18 PMTo: Lopes, RockySubject: FW: Earthquake Safety in the U.S.Information for: those involved in earthquake education. This message may be forwarded toothers who are concerned.Recently it has been brought to my attention the an email from Doug Copp, titled “Triangle ofLife,” is making its rounds again on the Internet. This message, below, originally distributed onJuly 14, 2000, remains the same. Its content was reviewed by the U.S. Geological Survey andthe Federal Emergency Management Agency for concurrence.”Drop, Cover, and Hold On” is CORRECT, accurate, and APPROPRIATE for use in the UnitedStates for Earthquake safety. Mr. Copp’s assertions in his message that everyone is alwayscrushed if they get under something is incorrect.————July 14, 2000 (updated August 25, 2004)Recently, the American Red Cross became aware of a challenge to the earthquake safety advice”Drop, Cover, and Hold On.” This is according to information from Mr. Doug Copp, the RescueChief and Disaster Manager of American Rescue Team International (a private company notaffiliated with the U.S. Government or other agency.) He says that going underneath objectsduring an earthquake [as in children being told to get under their desks at school] is verydangerous, and fatal should the building collapse in a strong earthquake. He also states that”everyone who gets under a doorway when a building collapses is killed.” He further states that”if you are in bed when an earthquake happens, to roll out of bed next to it,” and he also says that”If an earthquake happens while you are watching television and you cannot easily escape bygetting out the door or window, then lie down and curl up in the fetal position next to a sofa, orlarge chair.”These recommendations are inaccurate for application in the United States and inconsistent withinformation developed through earthquake research. Mr. Copp based his statements onobservations of damage to buildings after an earthquake in Turkey. It is like “apples andoranges” to compare building construction standards, techniques, engineering principles, andconstruction materials between Turkey and the United States.We at the American Red Cross have studied the research on the topic of earthquake safety formany years. We have benefited from extensive research done by the California Office ofEmergency Services, California Seismic Safety Commission, professional and academicresearch organizations, and emergency management agencies, who have also studied therecommendation to “drop, cover, and hold on!” during the shaking of an earthquake. Personally, Ihave also benefited from those who preceded me in doing earthquake education in Californiasince the Field Act was passed in 1933.What the claims made by Mr. Copp of ARTI, Inc., does not seem to distinguish is that therecommendation to “drop, cover, and hold on!” is a U.S.-based recommendation based on U.S.Building Codes and construction standards. Much research in the United States has confirmedthat “Drop, Cover, and Hold On!” has saved lives in the United States. Engineering researchershave demonstrated that very few buildings collapse or “pancake” in the U.S. as they might do inother countries. Using a web site to show one picture of one U.S. building that had a partialcollapse after a major quake in an area with thousands of buildings that did not collapse duringthe same quake is inappropriate and misleading.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which collects data oninjuries and deaths from all reportable causes in the U.S., as well as data from three Universitybasedstudies performed after the Loma Prieta (September, 1989) and Northridge (January,1994) earthquakes in California, the following data are indicated:Loma Prieta: 63 deaths, approximately 3,700 people were injured. Most injuries happened as aresult of the collapse of the Cypress Street section of I-880 in Oakland.Northridge: 57 deaths, 1,500 serious injuries. Most injuries were from falls caused by peopletrying to get out of their homes, or serious cuts and broken bones when people ran, barefooted,over broken glass (the earthquake happened in the early morning on a federal holiday whenmany people were still in bed.)There were millions of people in each of these earthquake-affected areas, and of those millions,many of them reported to have “dropped, covered, and held on” during the shaking of theearthquake. Therefore, we contend that “Drop, Cover, and Hold On” indeed SAVED lives, notkilled people. Because the research continues to demonstrate that, in the U.S., “Drop, Cover,and Hold On!” works, the American Red Cross remains behind that recommendation. It is thesimplest, reliable, and easiest method to teach people, including children.The American Red Cross has not recommended to use a doorway for earthquake protection formore than a decade. The problem is that many doorways are not built into the structural integrityof a building, and may not offer protection. Also, simply put, doorways are not suitable for morethan one person at a time.The Red Cross, remaining consistent with the information published in “Talking About Disaster:Guide for Standard Messages,” (visit http://www.disastereducation.org/guide.html) states that ifyou are in bed when an earthquake happens, to remain there. Rolling out of bed may lead tobeing injured by debris on the floor next to the bed. If you have done a good job of earthquakemitigation (that is, removing pictures or mirrors that could fall on a bed; anchoring tall bedroomfurniture to wall studs, and the like), then you are safer to stay in bed rather than roll out of itduring the shaking of an earthquake.Also, the Red Cross strongly advises not try to move (that is, escape) during the shaking of anearthquake. The more and the longer distance that someone tries to move, the more likely theyare to become injured by falling or flying debris, or by tripping, falling, or getting cut by damagedfloors, walls, and items in the path of escape.Identifying potential “void areas” and planning on using them for earthquake protection is moredifficult to teach, and hard to remember for people who are not educated in earthquakeengineering principles. The Red Cross is not saying that identifying potential voids is wrong orinappropriate. What we are saying is that “Drop, Cover, and Hold On!” is NOT wrong — in theUnited States.The American Red Cross, being a U.S.-based organization, does not extend itsrecommendations to apply in other countries. What works here may not work elsewhere, sothere is no dispute that the “void identification method” or the “Triangle of Life” may indeed be thebest thing to teach in other countries where the risk of building collapse, even in moderateearthquakes, is great.Sincerely,Rocky Lopes, PhDManager, Community Disaster EducationPreparedness Department
American Red Cross National Headquarters202-303-8805
Here’s a link from CNN on Eastern U.S. Earthquake Check: http://www.cnn.com/2010/US/02/10/earthquake.fact.check/index.html?hpt=T2
EXTRACT FROM DOUG COPP’S ARTICLE ON THE: ‘TRIANGLE OF LIFE’
My name is Doug Copp. I am the Rescue Chief and Disaster Manager of the American Rescue Team International (ARTI), the world’s most experienced rescue team. The information in this article will save lives in an earthquake.
I have crawled inside 875 collapsed buildings, worked with rescue teams from 60 countries, founded rescue teams in several countries, and I am a member of many rescue teams from many countries.
I was the United Nations expert in Disaster Mitigation for two years. I have worked at every major disaster in the world since 1985, except for simultaneous disasters.
The first building I ever crawled inside of was a school in Mexico City during the 1985 earthquake. Every child was under its desk. Every child was crushed to the thickness of their bones. They could have survived by lying down next to their desks in the aisles. It was obscene, unnecessary and
I wondered why the children were not in the aisles. I didn’t at the time know that the children were told to hide under something.
Simply stated, when buildings collapse, the weight of the ceilings falling upon the objects or furniture inside crushes these objects, leaving a space or void next to them. This space is what I call the ‘triangle of life’.
The larger the object, the stronger, the less it will compact. The less the object compacts, the larger the void, the greater the probability that the person who is using this void for safety will not be injured. The next time you watch collapsed buildings, on television, count the ‘triangles’ you
see formed. They are everywhere. It is the most common shape, you will see, in a collapsed building.
TIPS FOR EARTHQUAKE SAFETY
1) Most everyone who simply ‘ducks and covers’ WHEN BUILDINGS COLLAPSE are crushed to death. People who get under objects, like desks or cars, are crushed.
2) Cats, dogs and babies often naturally curl up in the fetal position. You should too in an earthquake. It is a natural safety/survival instinct. You can survive in a smaller void.. Get next to an object, next to a sofa, next to a large bulky object that will compress slightly but leave a void next to it.
3) Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in during an earthquake. Wood is flexible and moves with the force of the earthquake. If the wooden building does collapse, large survival voids are created. Also, the wooden building has less concentrated, crushing weight. Brick buildings will break into individual bricks. Bricks will cause many injuries but less squashed bodies than concrete slabs.
4) If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs, simply roll off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed. Hotels can achieve a much greater survival rate in earthquakes, simply by posting a sign on The back of the door of every room telling occupants to lie down on the floor, next to the bottom of the bed during an earthquake.
5) If an earthquake happens and you cannot easily escape by getting out the door or window, then lie down and curl up in the fetal position next to a sofa, or large chair.
6) Most everyone who gets under a doorway when buildings collapse is killed. How? If you stand under a doorway and the doorjamb falls forward or backward you will be crushed by the ceiling above. If the door jam falls sideways you will be cut in half by the doorway. In either case, you will be killed!
7) Never go to the stairs. The stairs have a different ‘moment of frequency’ (they swing separately from the main part of the building). The stairs and remainder of the building continuously bump into each other until structural failure of the stairs takes place. The people who get on stairs before they fail are chopped up by the stair treads – horribly mutilated. Even if the building doesn’t collapse, stay away from the stairs. The stairs are a likely part of the building to be damaged. Even if the stairs are not collapsed by the earthquake, they may collapse later when overloaded by fleeing people. They should always be checked for safety, even when the rest of the building is not damaged.
8) Get Near the Outer Walls Of Buildings Or Outside Of Them If Possible – It is much better to be near the outside of the building rather than the interior. The farther inside you are from the outside perimeter of the building the greater the probability that your escape route will be blocked.
9) People inside of their vehicles are crushed when the road above falls in an earthquake and crushes their vehicles; which is exactly what happened with the slabs between the decks of the Nimitz Freeway. The victims of the San Francisco earthquake all stayed inside of their vehicles. They were all killed. They could have easily survived by getting out and sitting or lying next to their vehicles. Everyone killed would have survived if they had been able to get out of their cars and sit or lie next to them. All the crushed cars had voids 3 feet high next to them, except for the cars that had columns fall directly across them.
10) I discovered, while crawling inside of collapsed newspaper offices and other offices with a lot of paper, that paper does not compact. Large voids are found surrounding stacks of paper.